Ethereum gas fees and the impacts of Berlin hardfork

Quick Take

  • Gas in Ethereum is fuel for transactions and protection against spam attacks.
  • Berlin hardfork changed the gas costs of some EVM operations, which seriously affected the cost of functions using them.
  • Optional access lists added in Berlin hardfork are not a gas costs reduction tool and, if misused, will increase fees.
One of the essential differences between Ethereum and Bitcoin is a Turing complete virtual machine or EVM. This machine turns the blockchain into a decentralized computing platform and is responsible for the state transition. Any transaction in Ethereum leads to a change in the current state. For example, transferring one ETH to a new wallet […]

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