Ethereum gas fees and the impacts of Berlin hardfork
April 28, 2021, 6:58AM EDT · 9 min read
- Gas in Ethereum is fuel for transactions and protection against spam attacks.
- Berlin hardfork changed the gas costs of some EVM operations, which seriously affected the cost of functions using them.
- Optional access lists added in Berlin hardfork are not a gas costs reduction tool and, if misused, will increase fees.
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